Frequently Asked Questions

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Frequently Asked Questions

Emancipation

The State of Ohio does not have an emancipation law.   There is no specific statute or court rule in the State of Ohio that specifically provides for a child to be considered an emancipated minor.

Paternity, Custody and Visitation

These are questions the court will ask if you inquire about getting custody or visitation with a child:

If the answer is yes, and the other Court is located Ohio, you must first file your custody or parenting action in that Court because it has continuing jurisdiction.

If yes, you must contact the Domestic Relations Court in the County where the divorce was filed.

If no, you must file in the county where the child resides unless Shelby County Juvenile Court has made a prior custody determination.

Questions regarding custody/Visitation Filings & Hearings

The best way is to contact an attorney who will gather information and put it in the correct format to file a complaint or motion.  You may, however, choose to file a pro se action on your own.  If you choose to do so, you must correctly prepare all forms and proper legal papers on your own.  If you fail to correctly complete all papers, your case may be dismissed.  The court cannot act as your attorney.  If you choose to file on your own, it will be up to you to try your own case.  You must also pay a filing fee of $200.00 to start an action or reopen an existing case.

Yes.  It is important to gather all the important information so the magistrate or judge can make the decision that will be in the best interest of the child.  Even if the parties agree about the outcome, the court must determine if all terms and provisions of an agreement are appropriate and in the best interest of the child.

No. Please arrange in advance for appropriate babysitting for younger children.  Young children will not be permitted in the courtroom or unattended in the hallway unless at the discretion of the judge.  Continuances will not be granted because you did not secure a babysitter.

Support Cases

You should first contact the child support enforcement agency in the county in which the order was issued.  You may be able to address the issue through the administrative process and avoid the costs associated with court proceedings.  Court orders may be changed by the issuance of another order or decision, which will be considered in a hearing in response to a motion.

The child support order will continue until the court terminates it.  A motion and court hearing are usually required.

Failure to comply with a court order for support could result in a motion for contempt being filed with possibilities of financial penalties and/or incarceration.  You can apply for the public defender before the contempt hearing by filling out a financial disclosure form in the juvenile clerk’s office.  They will determine if you qualify for representation.  Anyone applying for public defender appointment may be required to pay a $25.00 indigent application fee.  This fee is non-refundable and is paid to the Court.

Delinquency and Traffic Cases

You will be notified by mail with the date of your court hearing.  If you move after your case begins, you must notify the Court of your new address.

If you live in Shelby County, you must appear with a parent or guardian if you are summoned to do so.  If you don’t live in Shelby County, the ticket or complaint will be transferred to the Juvenile Court in the county of your residence.  In some instances you can post bond without appearing in court but you will receive notification that you can do so.

You must request driving privileges in writing from the magistrate or judge who presided over your case.

The Shelby County Juvenile Court accepts payments by cash, personal check (if residing in Shelby County), certified check or money order.

You must contact the clerk’s office and request that your court date be continued.  If you are represented by counsel, you must contact them for the filing of the proper paperwork.  A continuance must be approved by the magistrate or judge or you are expected to appear at your scheduled date and time.

You are expected to and should dress properly for the occasion and should conduct yourself with propriety throughout the entire proceeding.
NO SHORTS OR SLEEVELESS SHIRTS.

Fines and costs in all cases filed with the Juvenile Court shall be paid at the conclusion of a case or as ordered.    If payment is not made within a reasonable time period, the Court may elect to employ a collection agency to collect the same, pursuant to O.R.C. 2152.20.

Any individual adjudicated a delinquent child may apply for the sealing of his/her records pursuant to ORC 2151.356.

Court Appointed Attorneys / Public Defender

The Court is not required to appoint counsel in private cases.  Only when the State is a party to the action as in cases of abuse, neglect, and dependency, is appointed counsel available.